Without a doubt, credibility is one of the main characteristics of a good article. When reading the text, a person wants to be sure that the information is valid and that the author is an expert in a particular field. Therefore, the article needs citations to assure the reader in the credibility of the arguments contained in the text. However, there is an important exception to this rule. You are free to change the punctuation immediately before a closing quotation mark. You may need to do this to make sure your sentences are completely grammatical. Don`t worry about how to put the original sentence before that quotation mark. Think about how your sentence should be punctuated. Note for example that if you use the MLA SEO system, a sentence always ends in parentheses after the reference. Also, do not include a period before closing the quotation mark, even if there is a period in the original. The only exception to the requirement of quotation marks is the use of a quotation mark.
A quote block is a quoted document that takes up space on four or more consecutive lines of your paper. This type of quote has a markedly different set of formatting rules, but should also be used sparingly as it takes up a lot of valuable space in your paper. If you want to learn more about what block quotes do differently, take a look at Purdue OWL`s “MLA Formatting Quotes” article (at owl.english.purdue.edu); Scroll down a bit to find the “Long Quotes” section. The next important topic is the ability of quotations to enrich the writing style and make the text more subtle. Quotes are useful to make the text more interesting for the reader. In addition, an effective citation is beneficial to avoid the monotony of the article, as it is expanded with arguments and different points of view of the author. There will be times when you want to highlight the words of a particularly important and authoritative source on your topic. Suppose you write an essay about the differences between the lives of male and female slaves in the southern United States. One of your most provocative sources is the story of a former slave, Harriet Jacobs. It would then be appropriate to quote some of Jacobs` words: it is worth mentioning means such as ethos, logos, pathos, known as modes of persuasion.
These tools play a central role in establishing the credibility of arguments. Therefore, citations are a way to improve logos in the article through sound reasoning and ideas supported by persuasive arguments. After the presentation of the author and the text, you submit the offer. This is often as simple as copying and pasting relevant material from the original text. Direct quotation marks must be enclosed in quotation marks (“”), the first quotation mark immediately before the first word of the quotation, and the quotation mark at the end immediately after the last word of the quotation. Here are some memorable quotes that survived after they were delivered: A quote (sometimes called a direct quote) involves using the exact language of a source and inserting that language into your own document. This is very different from paraphrasing and summarizing because you don`t rephrase any part of the original language in your own words – in fact, when citing a source directly, it`s important to be careful to exactly copy the original language from the source word for word. This example is from Paul F.
Boller, Jr. and John George, They Never Said It: A Book of Fake Quotes, Misquotes, and Misleading Attributions (Oxford University Press, 1989). It`s usually a good idea to limit citations – don`t rely on them too much in an article. Remember that most of your paper should be in your own words and in your own voice. This is also a good rule of thumb to avoid unnecessarily long quotes. If a quote is longer than a sentence or two, it`s a good idea to check if the full citation is necessary or if a summary, paraphrase, or just part of the quote would do the job you need to do. A direct quote may show that existing authoritative sources support a point you raise. It can also represent a point of view opposite to yours, which you can then discuss.
It can be helpful to present opposing views in the form of direct quotes to avoid the risk of personal bias that affects the language of a paraphrase.